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| The Park was created to protect and at the same time
exploit Lake Trasimeno, one of the largest lakes
of the Italian peninsula with a surface of 128km/q. The Park includes
all the surrounding area of the lake, and therefore also the historical
centres like Castiglione del Lago and Passignano. Lake Trasimeno
has all the features of a great natural resource which must be strictly
protected and promoted as far as the uses compatible to its conservation
are concerned. There are three islands in the lake: Polvese, Maggiore
The waters of the lake house a rich ichthyofauna: tenches, eels, carps, pikes, and perches. The balance existing among the species seems to have been broken by the introduction of the cat-fish or because of the changes of the habitat. The avifauna consists of birds of prey such as the short-toed eagle, the eagle owl, and the osprey.
The national park of the Sibillini mountains
The Park is situated in the middle-western section
of the Apennines, inside a huge karstic tectonic plain between
Umbria and Marche and called Altipiani di Colfiorito.
Clitumno Springs and Monteluco
|Situated near Trevi, the springs are immersed in an
enchanting oasis of peace which has inspired generations of poets
from Virgil to Carducci.
The waters surge in well-heads from cracks in the rocks and gather in a small lake no more than 4 metres deep. In ancient times there was a greater abundance of water and the river was deeper: the Emperor Caligola could travel on the river by boat, when he came to consult the worshipped oracles of Clitunno, the god of the river.
On the river banks there were, at that time, a small temple and other sacred places, magnificent villas and spas. There, every year, religious feasts with competitions, theatrical performances and gladiatorial matches took place.
Piediluco Lake and Marmore Waterfalls
From the east of Terni, there are the Marmore
Waterfalls, the falls formed by the River Velino at its
confluence with the River Nera. The falls were created by a Roman
consul in 271 B.C. to prevent further marshiness of the area The
falls plunge down vertically in three leaps, a total drop of 165m/545ft,
and are illuminated in the period from May to August.